Glossary

Glossary

Adjustable Bed:
Variable posture beds have sections in the base under the mattress. The sections can hinge to form a backraise and sometimes a legraise as well, according to the need of the individual. This can be adjusted manually or electrically. This feature is also known as profiling or variable posture beds.


Convoluted:
A description of foam formed with a surface resembling an ‘eggcrate’. This is to provide contouring support, comfort and some degree of pressure reduction.


Cotsides:
Also known as bedside safety rails and are designed to prevent a person from falling out of bed. They usually have two crossbars that run between the mattress and the bed base on a domestic divan bed to secure the rails.


Enuresis:
More commonly called bed-wetting, is a disorder that involves the voluntary or involuntary release of urine into bedding, clothing, or other inappropriate places. In adults, loss of bladder control is often referred to as urinary incontinence rather than enuresis. Release of urine at night (nocturnal enuresis) is much more common than daytime (diurnal) wetting.


Friction:
A cause of pressure ulcers. When the skin rubs against a surface, for example the heels rubbing against a sheet.


Memory Foam:
Made from a visco-elastic material designed to provide support and protection. Memory foam conforms to your body but returns to its original shape when body weight is removed from the mattress.


MHRA:
The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) is the government agency which is responsible for ensuring that medicines and medical devices work, and are acceptably safe.


Non-adjustable Bed:
A bed frame without motors to adjust its position.


Overlay:
Mattress overlays are designed to be used in conjunction with a conventional mattress. They can improve the comfort of the bed and specific overlays may also provide pressure reducing features.


Pressure ulcer:
Pressure ulcers are areas of damage to the skin and underlying tissue, usually occurring over bony prominences.


Profiling:
These beds have sections in the base under the mattress. The sections can hinge to form a backraise and sometimes a legraise as well, according to the need of the individual. This can be adjusted manually or electrically. This feature is also known as variable posture or adjustable beds.


Shear:
A cause of pressure ulcers. When skin and tissue are pulled in different directions, for example when a person slips down a bed.


Trendelenberg:
This feature allows the entire bed to be tilted towards the head or towards the feet (reverse trendelenberg). This may be useful for individuals with a range of medical conditions such as circulatory problems, breathing difficulties or reflux.


Variable posture:
Variable posture beds have sections in the base under the mattress. The sections can hinge to form a backraise and sometimes a legraise as well, according to the need of the individual. This can be adjusted manually or electrically. This feature is also known as profiling or adjustable beds.


Visco Elastic:
Premium quality, high-density foam which is energy absorbing and temperature sensitive, with pressure relieving features. The Visco Elastic foam moulds itself to the shape of the body and recovers to its natural state when the pressure is removed.

All advice is either supported by references (cited in the text) or is based upon peer reviewed professional opinion. Our advice is impartial and not influenced by sponsors or product suppliers listed on the site.
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